Reduction malarplasty is utilized to reshape the facial form into an oval shape. However, complications and unfavorable results in reduction malarplasty have been reported. Reoperation of a nonunion malar complex is difficult relative to the achievement of a satisfactory outcome using the intraoral approach with a narrow surgical field because the normal anatomy has been destroyed, and previous surgery may have caused asymmetry. In this situation, computer-aided simulation surgery and surgical guides can serve as effective solutions to overcome the limitations of reoperative malarplasty using the intraoral approach.
In this report, the authors present a case with successful treatment outcomes for a nonunion malar complex using a three-dimensional-printed zygoma repositioner.
Address correspondence and reprint requests to Ui-Lyong Lee, DDS, MDS, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Dental Center, Chung-Ang University Hospital, 224-1 Heukseok-dong, Dongjak-gu, Seoul, Korea; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Received 18 September, 2017
Accepted 12 November, 2017
The authors report no conflicts of interest.
Supplemental digital contents are available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text and are provided in the HTML and PDF versions of this article on the journal’s Web site (http://ift.tt/2iuFjMi).
© 2018 by Mutaz B. Habal, MD.
from ! ORL Sfakianakis via paythelady.61 on Inoreader http://ift.tt/2E46T02