Novel Mealtime Duration Measures: Reliability and Preliminary Associations With Clinical Feeding and Swallowing Performance in Self-Feeding Children With Cerebral Palsy

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to examine (a) the reliability of newly developed measures of mealtime duration and (b) their relationship to clinical feeding/swallowing performance in children with spastic cerebral palsy (SCP).

Method

Seventeen self-feeding children (9 boys, 8 girls) with SCP (age range = 5;1 [years;months] to 17;6, Gross Motor Function Classification System range = I–IV) were assessed during mealtimes using the Dysphagia Disorder Survey (DDS; Sheppard, Hochman, & Baer, 2014). Children were divided into 2 groups, children with primarily unilateral or bilateral brain involvement. Duration measures included mealtime duration and total sip/bite duration for each bolus type (liquid and solid).

Results

Excellent intra- and inter-rater reliability for all duration measures was observed (intraclass correlation coefficient [ICC] = 1.00 and 0.955, respectively, for mealtime duration; ICC = 1.00 and 0.963, respectively, for solid/bite duration; ICC = 1.00 and 0.957, respectively, for liquid/sip duration). Positive correlations were found between total mealtime duration and DDS Part 1, r s = .514 [.045–.797], p = .035; Part 2, r s = .528 [.064–.804], p = .029; and total scores, r s = .665 [.271–.868], p = .004, and between total solid/bite duration and DDS Part 1, r s = .579 [.137–.828], p = .015; Part 2, r s = .620 [.199–.847], p = .007; and total scores, r s = .762 [.444–.909], p < .001. Children with unilateral brain involvement exhibited significantly lower DDS total (p = .049) and Part 2 scores (p = .026), indicating better feeding/swallowing performance/skills. They also had shorter mealtime duration (p = .019) and solid/bite duration (p = .025) compared with children with bilateral involvement.

Conclusions

Our new mealtime duration measures are reliable and correlate with feeding/swallowing performance in a sample of self-feeding children with SCP. Therefore, they may be useful supplements to feeding/swallowing assessments for this population.

Supplemental Material

https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.5715076

from ! ORL Sfakianakis via paythelady.61 on Inoreader http://ift.tt/2Blf2Yx

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Novel Mealtime Duration Measures: Reliability and Preliminary Associations With Clinical Feeding and Swallowing Performance in Self-Feeding Children With Cerebral Palsy

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