Evaluation of Language Predictors of Main Concept Production in Spanish/English Bilingual Discourse Using Nicholas and Brookshire Stimuli

Purpose

A conceptual framework of bilingual aphasia assessment requires an understanding of the variables that influence discourse in bilingual speakers. This study aimed to determine predictors of main concept (MC) production, a measure of discourse completeness, as well as the effect of language dominance on MCs.

Method

The Nicholas and Brookshire (1993) picture stimuli were used to elicit English and Spanish discourse in 83 young bilinguals. Participant-reported variables (e.g., proficiency self-ratings) and measured language variables (e.g., correct information units [CIUs] in discourse) were entered into regressions to determine potential MC predictors. A repeated-measures analysis of variance evaluated MCs within and across dominance groups categorized by speaking self-ratings.

Results

Measured language variables (number of CIUs, naming accuracy) were most predictive of MCs. The participant-reported variable most associated with MC production was self-rating of speaking proficiency. Spanish- and English-dominant groups produced more MCs in their dominant language; the balanced group produced more English MCs. Between-groups differences were observed.

Conclusions

Two measures related to lexical retrieval (CIUs and naming) were most predictive of MC production across languages. Participant ratings of speaking proficiency were also highly correlated to MCs. They also accurately reflected dominance, though balanced bilinguals overestimated their Spanish abilities.

Supplemental Material

https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.5708605

from ! ORL Sfakianakis via paythelady.61 on Inoreader http://ift.tt/2BXxUka

Advertisements
Evaluation of Language Predictors of Main Concept Production in Spanish/English Bilingual Discourse Using Nicholas and Brookshire Stimuli

Σχολιάστε

Εισάγετε τα παρακάτω στοιχεία ή επιλέξτε ένα εικονίδιο για να συνδεθείτε:

Λογότυπο WordPress.com

Σχολιάζετε χρησιμοποιώντας τον λογαριασμό WordPress.com. Αποσύνδεση / Αλλαγή )

Φωτογραφία Twitter

Σχολιάζετε χρησιμοποιώντας τον λογαριασμό Twitter. Αποσύνδεση / Αλλαγή )

Φωτογραφία Facebook

Σχολιάζετε χρησιμοποιώντας τον λογαριασμό Facebook. Αποσύνδεση / Αλλαγή )

Φωτογραφία Google+

Σχολιάζετε χρησιμοποιώντας τον λογαριασμό Google+. Αποσύνδεση / Αλλαγή )

Σύνδεση με %s