Reliability and validity of the Japanese translation of the DN4 Diagnostic Questionnaire in patients with neuropathic pain

Abstract

Background

The Douleur Neuropathique 4 questionnaire (DN4) is a simple and objective tool developed by the French Neuropathic Pain Group to screen for neuropathic pain.

Methods

This prospective observational study was undertaken in three hospitals to assess the validity of a Japanese translation of the DN4. We first translated the DN4 into Japanese using a forward–backward method. Pain specialists then examined patients independently and diagnosed them with neuropathic or non-neuropathic pain, according to the International Association for the Study of Pain definitions. The Japanese version of the DN4 questionnaire was then given to each patient.

Results

Of 187 patients that met our inclusion criteria, 100 and 87 were diagnosed with neuropathic and non-neuropathic pain, respectively. The test–retest intra-class correlation coefficient (95% confidence interval) was 0.827 (0.769–0.870). Among patients with identical diagnoses of neuropathic or non-neuropathic pain, receiver-operating characteristic curve analysis revealed an area under the curve of 0.89. A cut-off point of equal or greater than 4 resulted in a sensitivity of 71% and specificity of 92%.

Conclusion

The Japanese version of the DN4 was found to be a helpful tool for discriminating between neuropathic and non-neuropathic pain.

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Reliability and validity of the Japanese translation of the DN4 Diagnostic Questionnaire in patients with neuropathic pain

Reliability and validity of the Japanese translation of the DN4 Diagnostic Questionnaire in patients with neuropathic pain

Abstract

Background

The Douleur Neuropathique 4 questionnaire (DN4) is a simple and objective tool developed by the French Neuropathic Pain Group to screen for neuropathic pain.

Methods

This prospective observational study was undertaken in three hospitals to assess the validity of a Japanese translation of the DN4. We first translated the DN4 into Japanese using a forward–backward method. Pain specialists then examined patients independently and diagnosed them with neuropathic or non-neuropathic pain, according to the International Association for the Study of Pain definitions. The Japanese version of the DN4 questionnaire was then given to each patient.

Results

Of 187 patients that met our inclusion criteria, 100 and 87 were diagnosed with neuropathic and non-neuropathic pain, respectively. The test–retest intra-class correlation coefficient (95% confidence interval) was 0.827 (0.769–0.870). Among patients with identical diagnoses of neuropathic or non-neuropathic pain, receiver-operating characteristic curve analysis revealed an area under the curve of 0.89. A cut-off point of equal or greater than 4 resulted in a sensitivity of 71% and specificity of 92%.

Conclusion

The Japanese version of the DN4 was found to be a helpful tool for discriminating between neuropathic and non-neuropathic pain.

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from Medicine Blogger by Alexandros G. Sfakianakis via Alexandros G.Sfakianakis on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2KDm7c0
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Reliability and validity of the Japanese translation of the DN4 Diagnostic Questionnaire in patients with neuropathic pain

Reliability and validity of the Japanese translation of the DN4 Diagnostic Questionnaire in patients with neuropathic pain

Abstract

Background

The Douleur Neuropathique 4 questionnaire (DN4) is a simple and objective tool developed by the French Neuropathic Pain Group to screen for neuropathic pain.

Methods

This prospective observational study was undertaken in three hospitals to assess the validity of a Japanese translation of the DN4. We first translated the DN4 into Japanese using a forward–backward method. Pain specialists then examined patients independently and diagnosed them with neuropathic or non-neuropathic pain, according to the International Association for the Study of Pain definitions. The Japanese version of the DN4 questionnaire was then given to each patient.

Results

Of 187 patients that met our inclusion criteria, 100 and 87 were diagnosed with neuropathic and non-neuropathic pain, respectively. The test–retest intra-class correlation coefficient (95% confidence interval) was 0.827 (0.769–0.870). Among patients with identical diagnoses of neuropathic or non-neuropathic pain, receiver-operating characteristic curve analysis revealed an area under the curve of 0.89. A cut-off point of equal or greater than 4 resulted in a sensitivity of 71% and specificity of 92%.

Conclusion

The Japanese version of the DN4 was found to be a helpful tool for discriminating between neuropathic and non-neuropathic pain.

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Reliability and validity of the Japanese translation of the DN4 Diagnostic Questionnaire in patients with neuropathic pain

Ambient air emissions of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and female breast cancer incidence in US

Abstract

To examine ambient air pollutants, specifically polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), as a factor in the geographic variation of breast cancer incidence seen in the US, we conducted an ecological study involving counties throughout the US to examine breast cancer incidence in relation to PAH emissions in ambient air. Age-adjusted incidence rates of female breast cancer from the surveillance, epidemiology, and end results (SEER) program of the US National Cancer Institute were collected and analyzed using SEER*Stat 8.3.2. PAH emissions data were obtained from the Environmental Protection Agency. Linear regression analysis was performed using SPSS 23 software for Windows to analyze the association between PAH emissions and breast cancer incidence, adjusting for potential confounders. Age-adjusted incidence rates of female breast cancer were found being significantly higher in more industrialized metropolitan SEER regions over the years of 1973–2013 as compared to less industrialized regions. After adjusting for sex, race, education, socioeconomic status, obesity, and smoking prevalence, PAH emission density was found to be significantly associated with female breast cancer incidence, with the adjusted β of 0.424 (95% CI 0.278, 0.570; p < 0.0001) for emissions from all sources and of 0.552 (95% CI 0.278, 0.826; p < 0.0001) for emissions from traffic source. This study suggests that PAH exposure from ambient air could play a role in the increased breast cancer risk among women living in urban areas of the US. Further research could provide insight into breast cancer etiology and prevention.

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Ambient air emissions of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and female breast cancer incidence in US

Challenges and prospects of chimeric antigen receptor T cell therapy in solid tumors

Abstract

Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cell therapy is a novel and innovative immunotherapy. CAR-T cells are genetically engineered T cells, carrying MHC independent specific antigen receptor and co-stimulatory molecule which can activate an immune response to a cancer specific antigen. This therapy showed great results in hematological malignancies but were unable to prove their worth in solid tumors. Likely reasons for their failure are lack of antigens, poor trafficking, and hostile tumor microenvironment. Excessive amount of research is going on to improve the efficacy of CAR T cell therapy in solid tumors. In this article, we will discuss the challenges faced in improving the outcome of CAR T cell therapy in solid tumors and various strategies adopted to curb them.

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Challenges and prospects of chimeric antigen receptor T cell therapy in solid tumors

How dentists make your life savings flash before your eyes

OPINION: My amalgam and I had never been to a dental hygienist before. We won’t revisit my sad history.

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How dentists make your life savings flash before your eyes

How dentists make your life savings flash before your eyes

OPINION: My amalgam and I had never been to a dental hygienist before. We won’t revisit my sad history.

from ! ORL Sfakianakis via paythelady.61 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2rsb7Xh
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How dentists make your life savings flash before your eyes